The Blackletter typeface which is also known as Gothic, Fraktur or Old English, was used in the Gothenburg Bible. Gothenburg Bible was one of the first books ever printed in Europe. This style of typography is very recognisable by the dramatic contrast in thin and thick strokes, and in some fonts, the bold wirls on the serifs. Blackletter typefaces are based on early manuscript lettering.
Black Letter evolved in Western Europe in the mid twelfth century. Over a period of time a variety of different blackletter styles appeared, but only four major families can be identified: Textura, Rotunda, Schwabacher and Fraktur.It continued to be used for the German language until the 20th century.
Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press with replaceable/removable wooden or metal letters which was completed by 1440. This method of printing became a revolution in printing. It was used in the production of books, but also helped rapid development in the sciences, arts and religion as it made it possible to print text on a variety of materials and textures. Gutenberg press was wooden and later it had metal removable type printing ,which brought down the price of printed materials and made various materials available for masses of people.